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Photo Gallery: 2  Origin of the Arabic Numerals -
A natural history of numbers
                              A book by
Adel S. Bishtawi


The six charts in the gallery page have been extracted then modified for presentation.
They are from the seven PowerPoint presentations prepared by our team to explain
various aspects of the Arabic numerals system and its numerals. The PowerPoint presentations
 (with music) can be downloaded free of charge from this website.

Click image for closeup view Click image for close-up



 
IMAGE 2-1: Probably the second most important chart in the history of numbers: The historical evolvement of the western-style Arabic Arabic numerals. They are all finger and hand pose


 
IMAGE 2-2: Probably the most important chart in the history of numbers: The family of the eastern-style Arabic numerals. They are all finger and hand pose.




IMAGE 2-3: The Arabic numeral system is not strictly 'decimal'. It began as a quinary system and was later upgraded by adding another quinary unit



IMAGE 2-4: A chart revealing the true identity of the western-style Arabic numerals: adjusted finger and hand formations



IMAGE 2-5: The complete family of the Arabic numerals including a pose denoting number '10' prior to the cypher system



IMAGE 2-6: The complete western-style Arabic numerals including proposed poses for numerals '4' and '5'








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